十九大对世界而言同样重要(国际论坛)

中国易鑫商务网

2018-07-25

OnMarch25,1957,Belgium,WestGermany,France,Italy,Luxembourg,andtheNetherlandsinkedthetreatythatestablishedtheEuropeanEconomicCommunityinanancientbuildingonCapitolineHillinRome.ThedocumentwasonethatcementedEuropeancountries,sixatfirstandnow28,intoasinglemarket.WiththeUnitedKingdomofficiallysettoleavethegroupsoon,theleadersofthe27memberswillgatherinRomeonSaturdaytomarkthe60thanniversaryofthesigningofthetreaty.Atthiscriticalmoment,theEuropeanUnionispayingspecialattentiontothecelebrationonSaturday.AndtheEUhaseveryreasontocelebrate.ManyobserverssayEuropeanintegrationisoneofthemostsignificanthumanundertakingssinceWorldWarII.TheEUcanfeelproudofthat.Confuciussaysapersonat60,willknowthetruthinallhehears.Rightnow,theEUisnowatacrossroadandithaslaunchedamassivebottom-upcampaigntodiscusstheunion"sfuture.EuropeanCommissionPresidentJean-ClaudeJunckerwillbefinalizingthatroadmapinSeptemberintheannualstateoftheunionaddress.IfEuropeanleadersarereallywillingtolistentoadviceattheageof60oftheEU,thefollowinghasbeenoffered:Firstofall,theEUshouldconsidercarefullywhytherehavebeenprolongedwarsandviolenceinneighboringregions,suchasWestAsiaandNorthAfrica.WhenChinadealswithforeignrelations,peaceinneighboringregionsalwaystopstheleadership"sagenda.ThisexperiencecanworkasareferencewhentheEUmapsoutitsforeignpolicystrategy.Otherwise,ifwarsandconfrontationstakeplacenearby,refugeesandwar-displacedpeople,intheirmillions,willcontinuetofloodin.ItisobviousthatsomeEuropeancountrieshavefollowedontheheelsoftheUnitedStatesintheirWestAsiaandNorthAfricapolicies.However,theUSisfaraway,whileEuropeisnexttotheregionsinquestion.Therefore,Europehastoaccepttheconsequencesofitspolicies.IntheinterestsofbothEuropeandotherregions,theEUshouldnothelpmakewar,butmakepeaceinWestAsiaandNorthAfrica.Second,theEUmustknowtheboundariesforitsintegrationandgeopoliticalequilibrium.Thecurrent28members,consistingofnearly500millionpeople,havealreadyformedtheworld"sbiggesteconomyanditseurozone,consistingof19countriesand300millioncitizens,isequivalenttotheUS.ItmustthinkdeeplyabouthowtodealwithrelationswithRussia,Turkeyandotherplayersnexttoit,insteadofexpandingfurther.Andthird,theEUmustmaintainthediversityandvigorofmembercountries,insteadofassimilatingtheminasingleEuropeanidentity.Itisanillusiontobuildupa"EuropeanUnionoftheStates"becausemanymemberstatesareunwillingtosharetheirsovereignty.So,itshouldknowtheboundariesofitsdomesticpolicyandtomaketheunionstronger,itshouldfocusondefenseexpansionandhavingonevoiceonforeignpolicy,inaproactiveandconstructiveway.Romewasnotbuiltinaday.ButthefutureoftheEUrestsinthehandsofEuropeanleaderswhentheymeetonSaturdayinRome,wheretheveryfirstchapterofEUhistorywaswritten.TheauthorisdeputychiefofChinaDailyEuropeanBureau.fujing@chinadaily.com.cnJapan"srulingandoppositionpartieshavedecidedtosummonYasunoriKagoike,headoftheOsaka-basededucationinstitutionMoritomoGakuen,toDiet,orJapan"sparliamenttoanswerquestionsonMarch23.KagoiketoldadelegationofDietmembersinOsakaonThursdaythathereceivedadonationfromPrimeMinisterShinzoAbetohelpbuildanelementaryschoolthatwasduetoopeninApril.Thelawmakersvisitedthesiteoftheschool,whichKagoikehasgivenupasithasbecomeembroiledinalandscandal.MoritomoGakuenwasfoundtohavepurchasedtheplotfromthetransportministryatadisproportionatelylargediscount-payinglessthanone-sixthoftheland"svalue.Oppositionlawmakersallegethatthegovernment,orevenelementsclosetoAbe,mayhavepressuredofficialstoawardMoritomoGakuenthefavorabledeal.Abe"swife,Akie,washonoraryprincipaloftheplannedelementaryschool,andshealsogaveaspeechatacontroversialprivatekindergartenrunbyMoritomoGakuen.ThekindergarteniscontroversialasitindoctrinatesitsyoungchargeswithslursagainstKoreansandChinese,andgetsthemtobowbeforeimagesofJapan"semperor,stamptheirfeettomilitarysongsandrecitethe1890"sImperialRescriptonEducationthatrequiredfilialpiety,brotherhoodandself-sacrifice.AbehastriedtodistancehimselffromKagoike.ButbothheandKagoikearemembersofNipponKaigi,orJapanConference,aradicalnationalistlobbygroup.Abeservesasits"specialadviser",andKagoikeheadsitsOsakabranch.NipponKaigi,isasmallgroup,withabout38,000fee-payingmembers.ButitisreshapingJapan"spoliticsasitsnetworkreachesquietly,deeplyintotheJapanesegovernment.Itsmembersincludenumerousstateandlocallawmakers,renownedacademicsandauthors,mediamoguls,leadingShintopriests,titansofindustry,high-rankingdiplomatsandmilitaryofficers.ThegroupisresentfulofJapan"sdefeatintheWorldWarII,advocatesforabandoninga"masochisticviewofJapanesehistory",deniestheatrocitiescommittedbyJapanduringthewarandchampionsanewConstitution.Ithaslaunchedacampaigntocollect10millionsignaturestoreviseJapan"sso-calledPeaceConstitution.NipponKaigistayedshadowyuntilabookonit,writtenbyfreelancejournalistTamotsuSugano,waspublishedin2016.Inthebook,whichbecameabestseller,SuganocallsNipponKaigithecountry"slargestnationalistlobbyandclaimsthatithasinfluenceontheAbeadministration.Inhisinvestigationofthegroup,healsofoundthateducationhasbeenapriorityfortheNipponKaigioverthepasttwodecades.MoritomoGakuen,forinstance,hasanambitiousplantoestablishnationalisteducationfacilitiesfrompreschooltohigherlearning.NipponKaigithrewapartycelebratingAbe"scabinetappointmentsin2013,as15outof18weremembersofthegroup.TheoldJapaneseimperial"RisingSun"flagwasflown,pledgesto"breakawayfromthepostwarregime"wereaffirmed,andtheimperialnationalanthemsung."Go,goPrimeMinisterAbe!We"rehappyyoupassedsecuritylegislationattheDiet!"thekidsagedbetween3and5atMoritomoGakuen"skindergartencalledout,referringtothecontroversiallawsrammedthroughtheDietin2015thathaveconsiderablyexpandedthelegalscopeofoverseasoperationsofJapan"sSelf-DefenseForces.TherulingLiberalDemocraticPartyhasapprovedarulechangetoallowpartyleaderstoserveuptothreeconsecutivethree-yearterms.ThemoveallowsAbetopotentiallystretchhistenurethrough2021.Ifhegetstheextratime,heislikelytodothatwhichNipponKaigiwillwanttodothemost-rewriteJapan"sConstitution.TheauthorisChinaDailyTokyobureauchief.caihong@chinadaily.com.cnAthousand-year-oldpagodainCentralChina"sHenanprovincehasstartedonitslargest-scalerenovationsince1949,saidlocalofficialsonTuesday.Thenine-storyoctangularpagoda,intheWuhuaTempleofYiyangcountyinLuoyangcity,stands37.2meterstallandfeaturescarvingsofbuddhasandgiants.AccordingtotheYiyangcountyannals,thepagodawasbuiltintheSongDynasty(960-1279),butsomeoftheconstructionmaterialsdatefromtheTangDynasty(618-907).Overtime,theotherpartsofthetemplecomplexweredestroyed,leavingjusttheWuhuaTemple.Thepagodahasalsotiltedoverthecenturies,leadinglocalstojokinglycallit"Luoyang"sTowerofPisa"."Duetothelackofrepair,itwasleaning,andsomeofthestonesweremissingorweatheredaway,"saidHuoXiaofeng,headoftheculturalrelicsmanagementofficeofYiyang."Theroofeavesespeciallywereseriouslydamaged."Therenovationisexpectedtobecompletedattheendoftheyear.Chinahasthelargestlaborforceintheworld.However,manyenterprisescomplainaboutalackofskilledworkers,especiallyseniortechnicians.Itisaproblemthathasattractedtheattentionofthecentralleadership.In2014,theStateCouncil,China"sCabinet,calledforthestructureofhighereducationtobeoptimizedsothatvocationaleducationaccountedformorethanhalfofthetotal.Italsosetthegoalofstudentsatmiddlevocationalschoolsreaching23.5millionby2020.However,thatcallwentunheeded.Accordingtoofficialdata,thenumberoffreshstudentsformiddlevocationalschoolsnationwidewas6millionin2015,or185,100fewerthan2014.Thenumberofstudentsstudyinginmiddlevocationalschoolswas16.56million,almost1millionfewerthan2014.Inotherwords,vocationaleducationdeclineddespitetheencouragementoftheauthorities.Thatshouldarouseourconcern.Itislowpayandthelowsocialstatusoftechniciansthathaspreventedfamiliesfromsendingtheirchildrentoattendvocationalschools.Asaresult,technicalworkasaprofessionhasnotimproved,andthepayremainslow.Inordertobreakthisviciouscircle,therearetwothingsthatmustbedone.First,theauthoritieshavetofurtherequalizetheeducationsystemsothatthosereceivingvocationaleducationdonotfeelinferior.Currentlyonlythosestudentswhofailtogethighenoughscorestoentercollegeswillchoosevocationalcolleges,andthisphenomenonmustbechanged.Second,moreresourcesmustbeinvestedinvocationalschools.Forlong,vocationalschoolswerebusyattractingstudents,butforgottobuilduptheiradvantages;asaresult,vocationalschoolgraduatesareoftentreatedascheaplaborbyenterprises.Itistimeformoregovernmentinvestmentinvocationalschools,sothattheycangetenoughqualifiedteachersandchangetheirstatus.

2017年2月中旬,民用航空器电台执照办理业务入驻,行政审批服务大厅实现了航空器“三证”(国籍证、适航证、电台执照)集中办理,极大方便了行政相对人,受到各方一致好评。  《星条旗报》网站3月20日发表文章称,为什么亚洲最小国家之一的一个偏远地区存在着一个最先进的港口?答案就在于它距离洋仅有一步之遥。  这里是一条关键的海上航道,而这是建造汉班托塔港的原因,并且正因如此,除了长期执行地区人道主义任务之外,美国军队本月对它的访问长达两个星期。  世界上超过一半的集装箱船、大宗货物运输量的三分之一和全球石油运输量的三分之二都使用印度洋,其中大部分通过马六甲海峡前往南中国海途中都要过境附近的大洋航线。

过去一年联邦政府公布的约1000亿加元基础设施投资计划中,只有10.6%用在与交通、贸易相关的项目上,这些项目可以加快人口和货物流动,促进经济增长。而大部分投资则将流向“绿色”社会基础设施项目,包括建设新公园、社区中心、曲棍球场等。

进一步优化农产品供给结构,坚决保障粮食安全,严守耕地红线,坚持市场需求导向,加快发展川茶、川酒、川菜、川药、川果等特色产品,增加绿色有机无公害农产品供给。  以绣花功夫推进精准扶贫、精准脱贫。重完善政策体系,做好制度安排,更注重力量下沉,层层压实责任;重整体推进,兼顾好片区内外,把四大片区特别是高原藏区和大小凉山彝区作为扶贫工作的重中之重;重输血,集中力量开展帮扶,更注重造血,激发贫困地区干部群众内生动力活力。

3月21日,上海长宁区一学生在学校就餐时,疑似因被食物噎住死亡。

  【环球网报道记者朱梦颖】据德国《法兰克福汇报》17日消息,伊朗已将美国告至联合国国际法院(ICJ),要求美国暂时取消制裁。   位于荷兰海牙的国际法院称,在其诉讼中,伊朗认为美国实施的惩罚性措施违反了两国1955年签订的条约,并呼吁暂时取消制裁,直到可交换详细理由。   伊朗致力于法治,而美国则表现出蔑视外交和法律义务,伊朗外交部长贾瓦德·萨里夫在提起诉讼时说。 德黑兰领导人在诉讼中指责美国人违反了《伊朗/美国友好、经济关系和领事权利条约》下的各种协议。

  根据此前媒体报道,伊朗和美国于1955年签订了《伊朗/美国友好、经济关系和领事权利条约》。 该条约第21条第2款明确了海牙国际法院在审理双方诉讼中的作用。 根据该条款,伊美双方之间的任何分歧都可以交由国际刑事法院来审理,除非双方均同意交由另外一方来解决。   报道还称,此次并非伊朗首次在海牙国际法院提起诉讼。

根据此前媒体报道,在美国文森号战舰向伊朗655号民航客机发动导弹袭击造成290人遇难事件中,伊朗根据上述条约向海牙国际法院提交了控告美国的诉讼。   伊朗第二次向国际刑事法院起诉美国是在1992年11月,原因是美国在1987年和1988年破坏伊朗在波斯湾的石油平台。

  报道还提到,海牙世界法院的判决具有约束力,但无法执行其判决。